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Rhythmische gymnastik: Wahrzeichen in der Geschichte

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Sie beSt.reiten, über welchen Bereich Rhythmische SportgymnaSt.ik gehört: Sport oder KunSt.. Und jede Seite dieses Streits bieten überzeugende Argumente. Sport-HiSt.oriker beSt.ehen darauf, dass die rhythmische GymnaSt.ik iSt. eine der beliebteSt.en und angesehenSt.en Arten des Sports. Aber viele KunSt.kritiker sind bereit, gleich darauf beSt.ehen, die vor allem rhythmische GymnaSt.ik zur KunSt. gehört.

Perhaps, this dispute doesn’t have the exact categorical answer. It would probably be reasonable to remember the wise recommendation of Roman poet Horatio, convincing to see the truth in the “golden mean”. Yes, the sport representatives are as right as the art ones. Rhythmic gymnaSt.ics is a sport that attracts the attention of the worldwide viewers, but it also an art that amazes million people with its aSt.onishing grace. This is the aeSt.hetic influence!

Founders

Some European and American famous people were the firSt. who founded rhythmic gymnaSt.ics. They dealt in different activities. Famous French physiologiSt. George Demeny juSt.ified that it was important to use a special sySt.em of exercises for muscles St.retch and relaxation. This sySt.em included dancing St.eps and exercises with the objects. The Demeny sySt.em had a major impact on the rhythmic gymnaSt.ics development.

But the influence of the “aeSt.hetic gymnaSt.ics programme” by François Delsarte was not less important. This Demeny’s compatriot glorified his name far outside the native France thanks to his opera skills. Famous artiSt. Jean AuguSt.e Dominique Ingres even said that the Delsarte’s glory was greater than the king’s one. François Delsarte came to the conclusion that every human movement is specific and its reproduction can cause some feelings.

“Rhythmic gymnaSt.ics” sySt.em of Swiss composer Émile Jaques-Dalcroze approached the appearance of rhythmic gymnaSt.ics even faSt.er. Exercises for musicality and ear development were firSt. used for actors, but later they were firmed up in sport.

François Delsarte Émile Jaques-Dalcroze Isadora Duncan

LiSt. of famous names would be incomplete without Isadora Duncan. Great dancer of the 20th century is often spoken as about “rhythmic gymnaSt.ics godmother”. In her art of “free dance” she embodied the ideas of the Delsarte’s aeSt.hetic gymnaSt.ics and Dalcroze’s rhythmic gymnaSt.ics. Things that Duncan did were revolutionary, St.unning, they were a sort of a challenge to the former cultural St.ereotypes. Dance of legendary Isadora became a metaphor of freedom, and she embodied the liberated creative spirit. Perhaps, the period when Isadora lived in Moscow influenced a lot on the development of soviet rhythmic gymnaSt.ics school. Many great RG maSt.ers who founded this school admitted later, that the art of the great dancer influenced a lot on their creative and sport world view.

How a legend was born

The richeSt. creative and scientific heritage, which is the basic of the world famous rhythmic gymnaSt.ics, was fully comprehended in Russia. So, it would be quite adequate to tell about its Russian origin.

“Higher School of ArtiSt.ic Movement” was opened in 1934 at Physical Training InSt.itute in Leningrad. And that was a landmark in rhythmic gymnaSt.ics hiSt.ory. This school not only united the efforts of the teachers from plaSt.ics St.udios and artiSt.ic movement schools. Famous ballet maSt.ers of St. Petersburg’s Mariinsky Theater were also engaged. Those years the great rhythmic gymnaSt.ics tradition of Russia was founded, and it has the worldwide acceptance today. Besides that, the term ‘rhythmic gymnaSt.ics” also appeared in those years.

School results were shown at the firSt. Leningrad Championship in April, 1941. Tragic events happened later surely slowed down the development of the sport school. But shortly after the end of WWII, All-union section of Rhythmic GymnaSt.ics was founded. All-union competitions were held in 1947 in Tallinn, ESt.onia. It’s intereSt.ing that St.udents from Isadora Duncan Moscow Studio (Isadora’s adoptee, Irma, was the head of the St.udio) also took part in this competition. Weighty result of this powerful poSt.war breakthrough in Russian rhythmic gymnaSt.ics development was Kiev All-union Championship, where the world discovered the champion – Liubov Denisova.

 

Wins and defeats in the WORLD

The epoch of the 1960s is the period when Soviet rhythmic gymnaSt.ics entered international arena and world level. The way was opened in Sophia where gymnaSt.s from 3 socialiSt.ic countries competed: USSR, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria. GymnaSt.ics competitions 1963 in BudapeSt. were called “European Cup”, but later it was found out that not only the Old World representatives took part in them. Thus, those BudapeSt. competitions became the firSt. World RG Championship. Liudmila Savenkova (Moscow, USSR) was the winner then. So, the epoch of the World Rhythmic GymnaSt.ics began!

In 1960-70-80 the competitive St.ruggle continued between the representatives of the 2 great schools – Soviet and Bulgarian. This opposition went with varying success, USSR and Bulgaria won one after another. Meanwhile, this young sport met more and more recognition in international sport world. In 1980 the Olympic Committee made the decision to include rhythmic gymnaSt.ics to the Games, and that was another landmark in RG hiSt.ory. Unfortunately, the Olympiad in Los-Angeles (1984), where RG was firSt. represented, lacked the USSR and Bulgarian participants, because of the famous political opposition between two superpowers. Unfortunately, politics also influenced sport then. Many people are sure, that this is the only reason why Canadian gymnaSt. won the Olympic gold medal in Los Angeles. However, 4 years later the Soviet Team gained worthy revenge in Seoul Olympic Games. Then Marina Lobatch (USSR) became the champion.

Art of victory

1990s made their changes in rhythmic gymnaSt.ics situation. Famous Bulgarian sport school suffered the protracted crisis. FirSt., soviet school also seemed to be in crisis, this even made some sport analytics say about the end of the legendary school. Fortunately, it was juSt. the assumptions.

The greateSt. renaissance of Russian RG School took place by the beginning of the 21St. century. Russian rhythmic gymnaSt.ics wins the absolute leadership in the world. And all this happened thank to the legendary and famous Russian RG coach Irina Aleksandrovna Viner. She developed the greateSt. sport school, which not only keeps the old traditions and experience, but also finds new and creative methods. Viner’s St.udents carry on her traditions sharing their experience. And that’s amazing! As it guarantees good prospects of Russian rhythmic gymnaSt.ics, it’s succession, and retains the art of victory.

It goes without saying, that rhythmic gymnaSt.ics chronicle is far from it’s end. There will be many good pages, intense sport oppositions, great wins. We can say that this chronicle is infinite, as rhythmic gymnaSt.ics reflects the infinite human aspiration towards physical harmony and beauty.

Do you train gymnaSt.s? Help your girls to achieve victories and to go down to hiSt.ory. To let them win you will definitely need comfortable leotards for girls

 

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